Scandinavian Journal of Optometry and Visual Science <p>Scandinavian Journal of Optometry and Visual Science is an open-access peer-reviewed journal for promoting research amongst optometrists and other researchers in optometry and visual science.</p> Linnaeus University Press en-US Scandinavian Journal of Optometry and Visual Science 1891-0890 <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> Letter to the Editors <p>In response to the editorial "What is happening in Sweden?".</p> Sara Flodin Copyright (c) 2024 Sara Flodin 2024-07-10 2024-07-10 17 1 1 1 10.15626/sjovs.v17i1.4100 Letter to the Editors: reply to Flodin <p>This a reply to the letter to Editors from Sara Flodin.</p> António Filipe Teixeira Macedo Copyright (c) 2024 António Filipe Teixeira Macedo 2024-07-10 2024-07-10 17 1 1 1 10.15626/sjovs.v17i1.4141 Validation of the Norwegian International Reading Speed Texts (IReST) in adult readers with normal vision <p style="font-weight: 400;">There is a lack of standardised reading tests in Norwegian suitable for adults and persons with visual impairment (VI). The International Reading Speed Texts (IReST) measure reading performance of longer paragraphs. The aim of this project was to translate and validate the IReST in Norwegian. Each of the German, English and Swedish IReST were translated into Norwegian. The translations were matched for length, linguistic difficulty, and structure, and piloted in five adults. Reading speed was assessed in 25 readers (41 years, SD = 10) with normal vision and the readings were recorded. Reading speeds were analysed for variability between texts and participants. There were no statistically significant differences between the ten texts (135 words, 765 characters [SD=18], word variation index 91.8% [SD = 0.9%]). Reading speed in adult readers was 204 (SD=31) words/min. There was no difference across texts for any of the participants (p&gt;0.05). Reading speed variance was 77.4% between subjects and 22.6% between texts. The Norwegian IReST is standardised and comparable to the international IReST tests. Reading speed falls within normative values in adult readers. The Norwegian IReST will be a valuable tool in assessing reading in clinical health care, rehabilitation and educational practice of adult and visually impaired readers and in reading research.</p> Dan A. Nachtnebel Helle K. Falkenberg Copyright (c) 2024 Dan A. Nachtnebel, Helle K. Falkenberg 2024-07-10 2024-07-10 17 1 1–5 1–5 10.15626/sjovs.v17i1.4102 Evaluation of pediatric vision screening and digital referral routines in an interprofessional setting in Norway <p>Vision is crucial for childhood development, and ensuring good vision in children is one of the United Nation’s sustainability goals. Most countries have a childhood vision screening programme, and in Norway screening in children aged 4–5 years is performed in community health centres (CHC). Specialist health services such as ophthalmology and/or orthoptics are the referral bodies. However, access to these may be limited and they may be a long distance away from the child’s home, while optometrists are often more available and accessible. This study aims to investigate if vision screening reliably detects vision problems and to explore if using paediatric optometry as a referral body can relieve the specialist health services. The study also aims to report frequency of refractive errors and management of vision problems in this age group.</p> <p>Of 274 children who attended vision screening by school nurses at the CHC in Kongsberg, Norway, parents of 213 (77.7%) consented to a separate eye and vision examination by a paediatric optometrist. Agreements in screening results between school nurses and the paediatric optometrists were evaluated. Separately, an ophthalmologist and an orthoptist assessed records from the eye examinations through a digital communication tool (Eyecheck System AS). Agreements in diagnoses and management decisions between optometrists and the specialist health services were evaluated.</p> <p>Amblyopia or ocular pathology was found in 1.9% of the children, which were all identified by the vision screening. The vision screening had a sensitivity and specificity of 62.3% and 58.6%, respectively, for detecting other vision problems in need of treatment or follow-up. Hypermetropia was present in 82.7% of the children (58.0% low, 18.5% moderate, 6.5% high hypermetropia), 16.4% had emmetropia and 1.0% had myopia. Glasses were prescribed to 8.5% of the children and 16.4% were scheduled for follow-ups. There was a high level of agreement in management between optometrists and specialists (ophthalmologist 80.3%, orthoptist 81.7%).</p> <p>The vision screening reliably detected amblyopia and ocular pathology, and most refractive errors were detected. The high degree of agreement between the three eye care professions suggests that paediatric optometrists can be used as the referral body for this age group. Availability of a digital communication tool provides support for the paediatric optometrists in their decision making and can help relieve the specialist health services by providing children with an eye examination and vision correction earlier and more easily. </p> Gro Horgen Marlies Hummelen Eva Strasser Ellen Svarverud Lotte-Guri Bogfjellmo Sten Copyright (c) 2024 Gro Horgen, Marlies Hummelen, Eva Strasser, Ellen Svarverud, Lotte-Guri Bogfjellmo Sten 2024-07-10 2024-07-10 17 1 1–6 1–6 10.15626/sjovs.v17i1.4083 The Future of SJOVS Rigmor C Baraas Karthikeyan Baskaran António Filipe Teixeira Macedo Copyright (c) 2024 Rigmor C Baraas; Karthikeyan Baskaran, António Filipe Teixeira Macedo 2024-07-10 2024-07-10 17 1 1 1 10.15626/sjovs.v17i1.4322