Submissions

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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Read the author guidelines
  • Cover letter
  • Preprint with submission statement on it - Linked in cover letter
  • Preregistration (if applicable), Linked in Cover letter
  • OSF project - Linked in Cover letter
  • Dataset (if applicable) on OSF
  • Data analysis (if applicable), on OSF
  • Materials (if applicable), on OSF

Author Guidelines

Please start by carefully reading the about the publication section.  Also note that during July each year our editors have a well-deserved break. We will not process new submission until august. Current submissions are still peer-reviewed, copy-edited etc., during this break.

Submitting a manuscript

If you are unsure about the suitability of your manuscript for the journal, we encourage you to contact us before submission.  Then follow this checklist.

  1. Prepare an OSF page to share pre-reg, data, materials and analysis

All manuscripts should be accompanied by an OSF project page that contains data, the code necessary to reproduce the statistical analysis and the research materials. Please note that this will be made open for everyone to see and use. To avoid any misunderstandings, if data, analysis or materials are not applicable please explain this. If you have technical or ethical problems with sharing data, analysis or materials, please carefully explain this in the cover letter and the editor will contact you about how to proceed.

Make sure to upload your data in a clear and easy to use format (e.g., .csv) and to provide clear description (e.g., use a data dictionary / code book). Always include a read me file. 

Also make sure that your code is carefully commented and easy to understand. A good rule of thumb is that a grad student in your research area should be able to reproduce it without help.

For complex analyses where reproducibility might depend on the computer environment, consider also sharing it using a container (e.g., Code Ocean, Anaconda). 

  1. Upload a preprint

Upload (or update) a preprint on PsyArXiv. Other preprint services are allowed if they support hypothes.is. commenting that is used for the open peer review where everyone can comment. Tag it with meta-psychology.

Your preprint should follow APA-style except that figures and tables should be embedded in the PDF/manuscript, and placed where they are easy to read. The PDF can be either in the usual APA-manuscript form, or in a reader-friendly form, for example an APA-article-styled PDF. If your article was originally written for another area (e.g., history) APA style is not required.

The first page of your preprint must contain the following statement:

Submitted to Meta-Psychology. Participate in open peer review by commenting through hypothes.is directly on this preprint. The full editorial process of all articles under review at Meta-Psychology can be found following this link:

https://tinyurl.com/mp-submissions

You will find this preprint by searching for the first authors name.

  1. Submit a cover letter

Submit only a cover letter through the Open Journal System at the journal web page. Your cover letter should contain the following:

- Link to the preprint. Confirm version at time of submission.

- Link to the OSF site for data, code and materials (if applicable)

- Link to the preregistration (if available)

- A statement about what badges are relevant for the submission. (Data, materials, preregistration, preregistration+). Badges are mandatory, but for some submissions they are not applicable. For example, some theoretical papers do not have data. For papers that simulate data we consider this data part of the materials.  You can read more about Open Science Badges here: 

https://www.cos.io/initiatives/badges

- A short statement about the paper that will help us in selecting appropriate reviewers

Please do not submit any other files unless absolutely necessary as this would only add to confusion about file versions.

Please note that the cover letter is public and will be read by the reviewers.  If you need to have a confidential discussion  (e.g., if writing a commentary on a paper that you suspect of fraud) then contact the editor-in-chief over email before submitting your manuscript.

  1. Prepare your word processing files, figures etc

Do not submit your word processing files at this point. If your article is accepted, you should be prepared to take a larger part of the copy-editing compared to journals that have APCs. We like to think of this as collaborative copy-editing. We do it in LaTeX through Overleaf, where we support you through the entire process. Writing your manuscript in LaTeX is thus strongly preferred, but not required. 

  1. Transparent reporting

We value transparency highly, and it's not only about the supplementary files.  All articles should be checked against and meet the requirements of APA JARS: https://apastyle.apa.org/jars  .

Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses must meet PRISMA. A published protocol (e.g., PROSPERO or OSF registration) before data collection is strongly encouraged.

Randomized Controlled Trials must follow CONSORT.

The editor will likely not send your submission out for peer review before it meets these standards.

  1. COI, funding and author contributions

At the end of the article the following sections should be included:

Conflict of Interest and Funding

Declare any conflict of interest or state that there is none. Declare any funding or state that there was none.

Author Contributions

Author contributions should follow CRediT: https://casrai.org/credit/.

It's easier if you use this app for it: https://martonbalazskovacs.shinyapps.io/tenzing/

Registered Reports

Registered Reports should follow everything above (e.g., preprint that is updated), but has additional instructions. 

A registered report is an article form in which theory, data collection and/or proposed analyses are pre-registered and reviewed prior to the data collection and/or proposed analyses. Registered reports are submitted and reviewed in two stages. Once before data collection and/or analyses, and once when the final paper is completed. A unique feature is that registered reports are given in-principle-acceptance (IPA) prior to data collection and/or analysis.

The registered report is on the one hand one of the most convincing ways of doing research, as it precludes p-hacking and HARKing. We therefore very much welcome submissions of the ‘registered report’ type. On the other hand, the registered report is also one of the most challenging ways of doing research, as many important decisions of the research need to be stipulated beforehand. We provide a checklist that authors and reviewers need to use when writing and evaluating a registered report, to assist them in creating a high-standard that prevents p-hacking and HARKing.

The registered report guidelines described below are based on empirical hypothesis testing research, primarily as a way to prevent p-hacking and HARKing. However, the format of planning research together with reviewers before data collection / and or analysis can be useful regardless of the type of research. Authors are strongly encouraged to submit other types of contributions in this format, but should be aware that the guidelines below do not fully apply then. Please contact the Editor-in-Chief about such submissions so that we can plan ahead for it.

Rarely, a registered report cannot be made public immediately because that would interfere with the project itself. For example, if the study is an audit of researchers who are likely to read Meta-Psychology. In that case, send an email to the Editor-in-Chief instead of submitting.

Author

The guidelines for both authors and reviewers follow those of the journal Cortex http://cdn.elsevier.com/promis_misc/PROMISpub_idt_Guidelines_cortex_RR_17_04_2013.pdf with a few notable exceptions described below.

Registered reports that plan to collect data in small samples and consequently may have low statistical power are considered for publication. The reason is that small-sample research without bias (i.e., no publication bias, no ­p-hacking, no HARKing) may be very useful for subsequent meta-analyses. However, this has to be made explicit and justified in the paper.

In stage 1, authors submit papers including a full introduction and methods section. The methods section must have a statistical analyses subsection that explains all analyses to test the hypotheses derived in the introduction. If possible, we recommend that the code for the proposed analysis are included as supplementary material and tested on simulated mock data.

The introduction and methods section may not be changed after the report is in-principle-accepted for publication. That is, these sections will not change while or after collecting data and/or doing the analyses.

Authors should use a checklist (https://osf.io/6bv27/) when writing their report in the first stage to preclude p-hacking and HARKing. To be more precise, we require researchers to be specific, precise, and exhaustive in their plan of the study (Wicherts et al., 2016). These three prerequisites are translated into the scoring of items of the checklist, with a score of 3 tantamount to a specific, precise and exhaustive description with respect to an item. Authors should aim at score “3” for each relevant item on the checklist.

In stage 2, the final report should consist of a “planned analyses” section, and possibly an “exploratory analyses” section. Authors are free to report any analyses in the “exploratory analyses” section, as long as the details of these analyses are provided in the article (or in supplements).

Note that the editor and reviewers will NOT evaluate the registered report on its novelty, statistical significance, or how ‘exciting’ it is. The main criteria for acceptance are

  1. Soundness of theory, and hypotheses following from the theory
  2. Soundness of methodology and statistics to test the hypotheses
  3. Adherence to the checklist (aiming for ‘3’s on items of the checklist)
  4. The report in part 1 being the same as the report in part 2 (wrt introduction and methods)
  5. Results section being divided into one part corresponding to the “planned analyses” section, and possibly one “exploratory” part; does the first part correspond to the         planned analyses section, and does the exploratory part include the details of the analyses? Are statistical techniques used that are appropriate for exploratory data analysis?
  6. Soundness of conclusion and discussion section

 

Reviewers

Reviewers should carefully read the author instructions as a registered-report is quite different. Reviewers see the paper at least twice, although it is possible that a reviewer is involved only in one stage of the review. Simply put, the “hard job” for reviewers is at the first stage of the research, when the reviewer judges the soundness of the proposed research and the adherence to the checklist. At the second stage, the reviewer’s most important task is to check the correspondence between the proposed research and the actual analyses.

 

References

Wicherts, J.M., Veldkamp, C.L.S., Augusteijn, H.E.M., Bakker, M., Van Aert, R.C.M., and Van Assen, M.A.L.M. (2016). Degrees of freedom in planning, running, analyzing, and reporting psychological studies: A checklist to avoid p-hacking. Frontiershttp://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01832

Original articles

This section contains original articles on the topic of meta-psychology. All articles in this section have been peer-reviewed according to the journal policy.

Tutorials

Tutorials on methods relevant for psychology researchers.

Commentaries

This section contains commentaries on articles published in Meta-Psychology as well as commentaries on articles published in other journals. Re-analysis of own research are essentially a self-commentary and should also be part of this section.

Registered Replication Reports

Replication studies that are submitted as proposals that are given in-principle acceptance prior to data collection.

Replication Reports

Replications of previous empirical findings on any topic relevant for psychology. Has to be preregistered.

File-Drawer Reports

This section contains File-Drawer Reports. Unlike Original articles, these need not be on the topic of Meta-Psychology but can be on any topic of Psychology. The requirments are complete emptying of a file-drawer on a topic, including - but not limited to - null results and failed studies. 

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