Testing ANOVA Replications by Means of the Prior Predictive p-Value





ANOVA, comparison of means, power analysis , prior predictive p-value, replication study


In the current study, we introduce the prior predictive p-value as a method to test replication of an analysis of variance (ANOVA). The prior predictive p-value is based on the prior predictive distribution. If we use the original study to compose the prior distribution, then the prior predictive distribution contains datasets that are expected given the original results. To determine whether the new data resulting from a replication study deviate from the data in the prior predictive distribution, we need to calculate a test statistic for each dataset. We propose to use ̄F, which measures to what degree the results of a dataset deviate from an inequality constrained hypothesis capturing the relevant features of the original study: HRF. The inequality constraints in HRF are based on the findings of the original study and can concern, for example, the ordering of means and interaction effects. The prior predictive p-value consequently tests to what degree the new data deviates from predicted data given the original results, considering the findings of the original study. We explain the calculation of the prior predictive p-value step by step, elaborate on the topic of power, and illustrate the method with examples. The replication test and its integrated power and sample size calculator are made available in an R-package and an online interactive application. As such, the current study supports researchers that want to adhere to the call for replication studies in the field of psychology.


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